Skin 101

Whats your type!
September 15, 2017
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Know the difference

Ok so you know your skin type and you have bought the correct products, so why is your skin acting up? Why does it feel dry when I know my type is oily? Why do some products irritate my skin? And why am I getting breakouts? Your skin is trying to tell you something!
So we have already covered the 4 basic skin types: Normal, Dry, Oily and Combination. Skin types are determined mostly from genetics and the size of the sebaceous gland. Find your type here. Skin conditions are also determined from genetics as well as hormones and the environmental factors. Everyone has a skin type, but not everyone has a skin condition. You cannot actually change your skin type, but you can change the condition!

Under the influence

Both external and internal elements can impact the way the skin looks and feels;
Internal influences:
  • Hormonal changes; Pregnancy, Menopause, Menstrual cycle, can cause the skin to fluctuate from oily to breakouts, skin discoloration and dryness.
  • Skin disorders; Rosacea, dermatitis, psoriasis.
  • Genetic predisposition.
  • Medications.
  • Diet; Science proves that a diet high in Omega 3 and antioxidants can improve the appearance of skin.
External influences;
  • Climate/weather; Cold, warm, moist, dry.
  • Sun exposure; Major cause of hyper pigmentation.
  • Skin care routine; Over-exfoliating over-moisturizing, or using irritating or drying ingredients can create skin problems that were not there before.
  • Pollution; Creates free-radical activity that damages collagen.
These influences then create skin conditions such as;
  • Dehydration; Fine lines and tight skin are the main factors. Treatment through exfoliation normally with an enzyme, helps products absorb better, giving hydration where it is needed. A Hyaluronic acid product has excellent water binding properties and can hold a 1000 times its weight in water! Plus drinking that hefty glass of water!
  • Sun damage/Hyperpigmentation; Sun damage and over-exposure can normally cause Hyperpigmentation ( brown spots/marks) which is not always visible to the naked eye, this can lay deeper within the skins layers. A lot of sun damage has already occurred before the age of 18! Another form of hyperpigmentation is Melasma or the pregnancy mask which can worsen with sun exposure. Pigmentation can also occur through scarring like acne etc. Chemical peels, LED treatments and serums can help reduce the depth of color from Hyperpigmentation. For a longer and better result, laser skin treatments like IPL work amazingly well. Hypopigmentation ( white spots/marks) this is the loss of pigment in the skin and is very difficult to treat.
  • Dilated (broken) capillaries; When the skin is injured or irritated the walls of the capillaries ( tiny veins) contract and expand which tear and allows the blood to seep through. Repeated exposure to hot water/showers, spicy foods, alcohol, intense excessive, or genetics, leave the blood vessels permanently dilated. Fair skinned or those with dehydrated, sensitive or Rosacea are most likely to suffer. Always wash with cool/warm water and keep the skin hydrated. Use a cool compress before using any skincare product as it will do wonders in calming the skin and minimizing redness.
  • Fine lines/wrinkles; How the skin ages is a very complicated process, and depending on external and internal influences, combine and cultivate on how quickly or slowly the skin ages. As each skin cell develops, it copies what has been before, so just like a photocopier, it will keep copying. Imagine a master copy and each time it is copied, the image gets weaker or flaws appear, which is copied over and over. Of course, we can help change the look and feel with treatments and products that will help the skins structure, products such as Retinol, vitamin C, Hyaluronic acid go along way to create beautiful skin. But the most important thing you can do for skin to look its best as we age?.. is consistency. Be consistent in your regime, your diet, your health. Look after your skin and it will look after you!
  • Acne; Acne occurs when the pores of the skin become clogged. Mainly on the face, neck, back and chest. Once a pore becomes clogged, it traps oil in the skin. Bacteria then grow’s in the oil and causes an inflammatory response in the skin. These vary from small lesions, to inflamed cysts. Testosterone and genetics play a large part, but a lot can be cleared up with having a simple routine, with the right treatments and products. Chemical peels and LED treatments can help and sooth inflamed skin, and go along way to helping clear the skin, rather than relying on medications and creams which can further aggravate the condition.
The largest organ of the body is very complex, but with a little knowledge from a skin care specialist, a good skin care routine and the right products, you can have happy, healthy skin!
Karen Payne – Esthetician – Kensington salon and spa
Excerpts taken from Kristina Valian article in Dermascope

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